Heart disease is rampant in developed countries, and heart disease is the most common. For example, the number of people who die of Coronary Heart Disease in Hong Kong is more than 3,000 each year, and the average daily death is about 9 people, that is, every two and a half hours One person died of coronary heart disease. No wonder heart disease will become the number one killer in Hong Kong.
Although the formation of coronary heart disease has a great relationship with the aging of the human body, in recent years, more and more young people between the ages of 30 and 40 have shown that the disease has gradually become younger in Hong Kong.
Factors leading to coronary heart disease
- Heredity: If parents (especially the former) die of coronary heart disease when they are young, their children will have a higher chance of getting coronary heart disease than the average person.
- Hypertension: Hypertension is one of the most important factors leading to heart disease. In Hong Kong, 30% to 40% of patients with heart disease suffer from hypertension. High blood pressure will increase the accumulation of fat on the arterial wall and form sclerosis; plus high blood pressure will directly damage the intima of the artery, clot into a blood clot, and increase the chance of blood vessel obstruction.
- Diabetes: Diabetics have a 2 to 6 times higher chance of developing coronary heart disease than most people. Diabetics often have excessive body weight and high fat.
- Excessive cholesterol in the blood : After middle age, excessively high cholesterol in blood may easily lead to vascular sclerosis. Eat foods with high cholesterol and fat, such as animal oil, egg yolk, oysters, squid, cheese, etc., because saturated fat can become cholesterol after being metabolized.
- Smoking: Nicotine in cigarettes increases blood pressure and accelerates pulse beats, and stimulates adrenal secretion, which indirectly causes blood vessels to contract, and also increases the chance of causing irregular heartbeats and clotting. In addition, inhaling carbon monoxide while smoking reduces the blood’s ability to transport oxygen; therefore, smokers have a 2 to 10 times higher chance of developing heart disease than non-smokers.
- Body overweight︰ especially more than 30% of normal weight Hou, chances of developing coronary heart disease have also increased. Obesity is also often closely related to high blood pressure, diabetes, and high cholesterol.
- Lack of exercise : Regular exercise can lower the cholesterol in the blood and increase the high-density lipoprotein in the blood that can help the cholesterol dissolve in the water.
- Tension in life : When you are nervous, the secretion of the adrenal glands will increase, so that the pulse will accelerate, and the blood pressure will increase. Take the white-collar worker as an example, in addition to coping with work pressure, it also lacks rest and proper exercise; plus the neglect of the importance of a balanced diet, various factors will increase the workload of heart muscle and oxygen needs, and gradually accumulate blood cholesterol.
- Over time, high blood pressure, rapid heartbeat, increased vascular sclerosis, etc., so white-collar people should pay more attention to the details of daily life in order to effectively prevent coronary heart disease.